peculiarities and specialities of the deities and their festivals In
this temple of Devakikrishna.
In the entire territory of Goa, one comes across one and the only one
temple of Shri Devakikrishna deity. Besides, during the days of his
infancy or childhood, Lord Krishna is seen here happily in the lap of
his dear mother Devaki. Such a beautiful, affectionate, lovingly
tender form of a deity is unique here. Nowhere else such a scene or
form is seen or heard of by anyone. Moreover, during the festival
called the ‘Shibikotsav’, Lord Shri Krishna is seen in his mother’s
lap, while he sits in the chariot, he sits all alone. Again the idol
of Lord Shrikrishna which sits in the chariot is of blackish
(‘shyamavarnni’) in colour and made of Tulsi wood and it looks so
attractive and eye-catching that even an atheist and a strong
non-believer would fall in love instantly and having been so
infatuated would surely change his/her views and become a believer!
One should go there and see the thing actually to be experienced! Is
it not true that ‘seeing is believing?’
Having known this much about the actual idol, let us now get to know
some details about the major festivities, rituals and celebrations
that take place at this famous Devasthan from time to time.
The Annual Zatra of Shri Devakikrishna comes in the month of
Margashirsha in the Shukla trayodashi (thirteenth day of the first
half of the month of Margashirsha). And throughout the year with the
exception of the ‘Chaturmas’ period, ‘Shibikotsav’ is held there
every fortnight regularly; and that too on the day of ‘trayodashi’.
This shows that this particular ‘tithi’ (the day) has special
importance in this temple. In fact as far as Lord Krishna or any of
the observance or festivity about Him can go, ‘Ashttami’ or the
eighth day should have been more logical, reasonable and
understandable. However, some people conjecture that in ancient
times, when this deity was established on the Chudamani or the Chodan
island, it might have been the thirteenth day. Or may be when it was
shifted to Mashel via Mayem, and finally established in Mashel, these
days too might have been the ‘trayodashis!’ Of course there is a
special significance and importance for the l3th day or the
‘trayodashi’ in the Hindu Dharmashastras. There is a popular saying
coming down to us from the ancient tradition called ‘trayodashi
sarvasiddhi’ (trayodashi is the most auspicious day for all
accomplishments). This is a populr belief among the Hindus eve today.
This day is supposed to be a good ‘muhurt’ day for any endeavour. But
it is doubtful whether this belief alone is responsible for special
significance of this day at this day. On the contrary the theory that
the deity was originally established on this day sound more plausible
and trustworthy. So the annual zatrotsav or the usual shibikotsav
carry the significance of ‘trayodashi’.
More Important Specialities : The ‘Dahimkaalaa’ and
‘Dahimkaalaa’ and ‘Gaullannkaalaa’ are the special festivities
connected with the Devakikrishna’s childhood. Particularly, the
Dahimkala is concerned with the child Shrikrishna and his pranks. In
Mashel, on the next day morning the perched rice brought by the
‘sevekaris’ (people working for the temple) and the devotee villagers
is mixed with curds small balls (laddoos) are made and are
distributed to all and sundry. And in the evening the festivity of
‘Gaullannkaalaa’ is celebrated. This is again connected with the
chilhood pranks and mischief of Lord Shrikrishna. There is a
continuous tradition of hundred of years behind this festival. In
many other temples too, this ‘kaalaa’ celebration and also the
‘Gaullannkaalaa’ is regularly held every year. But the strong
tradition, joy and the status which the ‘Kaalaa’festival at the
Devakikrishna temple is unique and this can best be perceived by the
real lovers of Lord Krishna indeed!
In Goa, in almost all the temples, there is this tradition of taking
‘kaul prasaad’ (permission of the deity before any endeavour) since
ancient times. By way of exceptions, only in the temples of a very
few deities like Shri Dat’tamaharaj, Shri MarutiRai, Shri Vitthal-
Rakhumai this custom of kaul prasaad is conspicuously non-existent.
May be, taking God ‘s permission through this ritual called the kaul
prasaad or simply prasaad should depend upon the wishes and beliefs of
particular individuals purely by choice. However, by and large, in
Goa, overall Hindus, before any ceremony likethe thread ceremony,
marriage and other auspicious occasion, makes it a point to observe
this ritual by approaching their family deities. This is a well known
custom and a settled tradition which has been continuing since
ancient times. Besides, even at the times of calamities or supposed
obstacles of superstition-based problems, Goan Hindus go to either
the family deity or the deity of the village or any other deity in
whom they have faith to take the ‘prasaad’. But there is no temple in
Goa where and when this ritual can be observed on all the days
throughout the year. Just as some days are earmarked for observing
the ritual, there are also days fixed on which this ritual of taking
prasaad cannot be held. Many a time a devotee comes from far away
place and somehow after coming to the Devakikrishna temple he might
come to know that the prasaad cannot be held on that day. Such
instances naturally put devotees to great hardships and
inconvenience. In order to avoid this, below are mentioned for the
benefit of devotees the days on which the prasaad can be held and
also on which such a ritual cannot be carried out.
The following days are regarded as ‘prasaad varjya’ (no
prasaad ) days :-
The month: ‘Tithi’ (The day according to Hindu calendar)
Chaitra Shukla Pratipadaa (
Vaishaakh Krishna Dvitiyaa
Aashaaddh Shukla Ekaadashi (Aashaaddhi Ekadashi)
Shravann Pournnimaa (Naralli Pournnima)
Krishna Ashttami (Shrikrishna Jayanti)
Bhaadrapad Shukla Chaturthi (Shri Ganesh Chaturthi)
Shukla Panchami (Rishi Panchami)
Aashwin Shukla Pratipadaa
Commencement right upto Kojaguiri Pournnimaa. Krishna Chaturdashi
Kaartik Shukla Pratipadaa
–Balipratipadaa (Dhenddlo Paddvo)
Shukla Ekaadashi, Dwadashi and Trayodashi
Pousha Pournnima (Malini Pournnimaa)
right upto Maagha
Maagha Pournnimaa (i.e. for one
Maagha Krishna Chaturdashi (Mahashivratri)
Phalgun From Pournnimaa upto Rangapanchami (Holi)
The ritual of these ‘prasad’ entails applying the pieces of Karmali
leaves to the idol from whom the permission or blessing is sought.
There is no custom of applying prasad to Shrr Devakikrishna, as a
matter of fact. Prasad is sought from Shri Ravallnaath-Pandav wada
(Shree Piso Ravllu) so also from Shree Ravallnaath -Gavonn wada (Shri
Laxmi Ravallnaath) deities. The ‘Kaul’( permission ) is also sought
from the Shree Bhumikadevi deity but only in case the problem or
issue is of public nature.
As has been already said elaborately, formerly, in ancient times, the
deity Shri Devakikrishna alongwith the family of His other deities
was dwelling on the island called Chudamani (now called Chodan or as
in English or Portuguese: ‘Choraon’). During the times of conversions
in Goa the deity was shifted to Mashel where He now stands. Some more
details about His history and ancestry.
SHREE DEVKIKRISHNA RAVALNATH SAUNSTHAN
MASHEL – GOA.
SHREE GOKULASHTAMI UTSAV IS FAST APPROACHING THIS YEAR ON THUSDAY, 9TH AUGUST 2012 BEGINNING WITH MORNING MAHABHISHEK AT 9:00 AM; THEN AT 10:00 AM DEPARTURE OF LORD DEVKIKRISHNA IN PLAKHI PROCESSION FOR TIRTHASNANA AT HOLY PLACE AT TARIWADA, MASHEL.
ON THIS GRAND UTSAV DAY FROM 5:00 TO 7:45 PM THERE WILL BE A PLEASANT KIRTAN (HARI KATHA) PROGRAMME ON SHREE KRISHNA JANMA BY H.B.P. SUHASBUA VAZE FROM BORIM – GOA.
SHREE KRISHNA JANMOTSAVA AT 8:00 PM; FROM 9:00 TO 10:00 PM ABHISHEK-SEVA WILL BE OFFERED TO LORD DEVKIKRISHNA BY MAHAJANS/KULAVIS & BHAVIKS. ALANKAR SEVA AT 11:00 PM THEN TULSIDAL-ARCHANA AT 11:30 PM FOLLOWED BY MAHAARATI, MAHANAIVEDHYA, SAMUHIK PRAYER (GARANE) & CONCLUDED WITH PRASAD DISTRIBUTION.
ALL MAHAJANS/KULAVIS & BHAKTA-BHAVIKS ARE CORDIALLY INVITED TO PARTICIPATE IN THIS AUSPICIOUS UTSAV WITH FAMILY & FRIENDS AND SEEK DEVINE BLESSINGS.
ON NEXT DAY FRIDAY 10/08/2012 EVENING AT 6:00 PM THERE WILL BE DAHI-HUNDI COMPITITION ON SHREE DEVKIKRISHNA GROUND FOR WHICH 1ST, 2ND & 3RD CASH PRIZES OF RS.1500/-; RS.1000/- & RS.750/- RESPECTIVELY WILL BE GIVEN TO THE PARTICIPATED WINNERS. ALL ARE INVITED TO ATTEND THIS ANNUAL PROGRAM.
MASHEL – GOA,
DATE: 29 JULY 2012.
View of Calendar (PDF Format) click
here to download